Thousands of Eritreans, including pregnant women and newborns, have died in recent years after their boats have capsized.
Shortly afterwards, from 1998 to 2000, another devastating war with Ethiopia took place.
Two years later an international court of arbitration, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), granted parts of the disputed border area to Eritrea; Ethiopia has refused to this day to implement the verdict.
In response, Eritrea spoke of a state of “cold peace” and in 2002 extended the national service to an indefinite term.
In the past it was primarily government opponents or former officials of the Eritrean regime who were impacted by such actions; more recently, however, actual raids have taken place.
At the end of May 2016, Sudanese soldiers apprehended 900 Eritreans in Khartoum and 400 who were on their way to Libya.
The courting of autocratic regimes is not an effective strategy for combating the causes of refugee flight.