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However, they also produced a huge amount of kitsch, tourist ware and designs of questionable aesthetic value. Carstens: The Carstens Tönnieshof factory started in the 1950s and focused on a high quality product.
Production numbers were fairly high, but there were special lines and glazes done in much smaller numbers.
We can tell Carstens from Scheurich, and we know a hawk from a handsaw no matter which way the wind is blowing. Just how companies marked the items, what clay they used, lettering style, numbering systems all varied at times.
This is only a small sample of the companies and only a few of the bases they used. Click any thumbnail to see a larger picture and read the text.
Most items have red-brown clay, but some made in Austria or Australia used a different clay. Ceramano: (1959-84) Ceramano was started by Jakob Schwaderlapp, who also ran Jasba, to be a higher-end company, more like a studio than most commercial art potteries.
As more items are properly attributed to ES, their status continues to rise.
Bay Keramik: Started by Eduard Bay in 1933; note that it's not correct that Bay stopped art pottery production in 1971; some art production continued into the 1980s, including some striking works...some not so striking.
Bay's best known designer was Bodo Mans, and it's common for many items to be attributed to him just because the name is known, but be sure those attributions are documented, not simply assumed.
Not surprisingly, they are also hard to find with vases generally harder to find than plaques and plates.
(Keto items are often similar but generally a step down in quality, but there are definitely exceptions as Keto did some very striking designs.) E-mail Us klinker: "Klinker" items are made from a particular clay, one that is typically used for a type of brick called klinkers.They also produced their share of tourist and kitsch items during their art pottery years.