Dating and authorship of the gospels
Because of unbelief at various points, but especially at Kadesh Barnea (Numbers 14), the Israelites were condemned to wander for forty years in the desert in the vicinity of Kadesh instead of immediately entering the Promised Land.Even Moses sins and is told he would not live to enter the land (Numbers 20).The process by which this final Torah was arrived at is still the subject of debate: The documentary hypothesis proposed in detail by Julius Wellhausen in the late nineteenth century, which dominated the field for the majority of the twentieth, has come under intense questioning in recent years.Yet, although alternative theories have been advanced, none has found the same general acceptance that Wellhausen's once enjoyed.Soon afterwards Israel begins the conquest of Canaan.Classical Judaism recognizes the Pentateuch as containing a complete system of laws, particularly the 613 mitzvot ("commandments"), which constitute the Torah, the divine law that governs the life of observant Jews.
The Book of Joshua would complete the story, continuing directly from the events of Deuteronomy to document the conquest of Canaan predicted in the Pentateuch.
Leviticus begins with instructions to the Israelites on how to use the Tabernacle, which they had just built (Leviticus 1–10).
This is followed by rules concerning clean and unclean (Leviticus 11–15), which includes the laws of slaughter and animals permissible to eat (see also: Kashrut), the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16), and various moral and ritual laws sometimes called the Holiness Code (Leviticus 17–26).
Still other scholars have proposed that Deuteronomy stands apart from the first four books of the Pentateuch, and so speak of the first four as the "Tetrateuch" (Genesis through Numbers).
It recognizes that Deuteronomy introduces a series of books influenced by Deuteronomy called the Deuteronomistic History consisting of the books of Joshua, Judges, 1 & 2 Samuel, and 1 & 2 Kings.Exodus also deals with the violation of the commandment against idolatry when Aaron took part in the construction of the Golden Calf (Exodus 32–34).